Tate Modern London

I went to the Tate Modern today and it was one of the most amazing experiences of my life. I only went there to see the Pollock paintings, because that is all I thought they had that was a famous piece. Well what a surprise I got, almost every artist that I have written about was included in their permanent exhibition. Pollock, Klee, Krasner, Rothko, Mondrian and on and on…..

Summertime

Summertime, Jackson Pollock

When I saw Jackson Pollock’s Summertime, which was the painting he appeared with in Life Magazine, I literally cried with passion. Recently I have been receiving fantastic reviews on my paintings, which is so inspiring, but when I saw this painting I went straight to the art shop after and bought a canvas.

Birth

Birth, Jackson Pollock

I am going to paint something tomorrow and see what I produce. I was awed by the Rothko paintings and got told off for taking a photo of one of his most admired painting.

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Anyway, I would recommend going to this gallery if you are ever in London.

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Theo van Doesburg

Dutch painter, architect, designer and writer. He was officially registered as the son of Wilhelm Küpper and Henrietta Catharina Margadant, but he was so convinced that his mother’s second husband, Theodorus Doesburg, was his father that he took his name. Little is known of his early life, but he began painting naturalistic subjects c. 1899. In 1903 he began his military service, and around the same time he met his first wife, Agnita Feis, a Theosophist and poet. Between about 1908 and 1910, much influenced by the work of Honoré Daumier, he produced caricatures, some of which were later published in his first book De maskers af! (1916). Also during this period he painted some Impressionist-inspired landscapes and portraits in the manner of George Hendrik Breitner. Between 1914 and 1915 the influence of Kandinsky became clear in such drawings as Streetmusic I and Streetmusic II (The Hague, Rijksdienst Beeld. Kst) and other abstract works.

“Simultaneous Counter-Composition” by Theo van Doesburg, 1929-30, The Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection

With the mobilization of the Dutch forces following the outbreak of World War I, van Doesburg was sent to Tilburg near the Belgian front. His first marriage was already in difficulty, and in Tilburg he met Lena Milius, who became his second wife (1917). In 1915 he met the painter Janus de Winter, who became the subject of a second pamphlet by van Doesburg. De Winter was a mystic and Theosophist who worked mainly in watercolours and pastels. His influence can be seen in van Doesburg’s expressive and highly charged pastels and self-portraits of this period including Despair (1915; The Hague, Rijksdienst Beeld. Kst). Also in 1915 he discovered the work of piet Mondrian, whose ‘spirituality’ was of an entirely different order from that of De Winter. Almost immediately he began to contemplate and organize a new periodical, De stijl: Maandblad voor nieuwe kunst, wetenschap en kultuur, not to be fully realized for another two years. In the meantime he wrote a considerable amount, including a good deal of criticism.

Composition VIII. c. 1918. – Theo van Doesburg

In 1916 van Doesburg participated in the foundation of the artists’ associations De Anderen and De Sphinx. Although his enthusiasm for these was short-lived, he met other like-minded artists, including Bart van der Leck, and even such architects as J. J. P. Oud, all of whom became actively engaged in De stijl. In August 1916 Oud commissioned him to design a stained-glass window for a house he was building in Broek-in-Waterland. This commission was followed by numerous others in stained glass, a medium that provided an opening into architectural design and a fruitful area for the further exploration of important themes. These included reduction of natural appearances into simplified geometric forms and the development of an art based on mathematical principles, ideas that van Doesburg thought the Cubists had been attempting. He produced series of drawings from a single subject where the heavy, emphatic outline was progressively ‘essentialized’ to a minimum of horizontal and vertical lines bounding coloured planes. This technique of painterly composition lent itself admirably to the creation of stained-glass windows. The windows were usually designed for specific buildings for which van Doesburg would also produce colour-schemes and even tiled floors, in which he would continue to elaborate his compositional principles (e.g. his collaborative work in 1917 with Oud at the Vakantiehuis De Vonk, Noordwijkerhout, illustrated in De stijl, Nov 1918; and with Gerrit Rietveld in a room for Bart de Ligt, 1919, illustrated in De stijl, 1920). He acted as colour consultant for the De Lange House (1917), Alkmaar, by Jan Wils, and the Hotel De Dubbele Sleutel (1918; destr. 1975), Woerden.

From as early as 1912 van Doesburg had published an impressive number of articles. He signed his work under various names, including I. K. Bonset (in his role as a Dadaist poet) and Aldo Camini (in his role as a Futurist), as well as his own. In his writings on art he revealed himself to be a very self-conscious artist, who engaged in a constant dialogue between theory and practice, and between his work in painting and in architecture, also exploring the relationship of his work to that of others. During 1917 discussion continued concerning the naming of official collaborators of De stijl. The first issue was dated October and appeared in November 1917 (see Stijl, de).

In 1920 and 1921 van Doesburg undertook work in Drachten for the architect Cornelis de Boer. Van Doesburg’s colour-schemes (produced for a block of middle-class housing and for an agricultural school across the street) linked interior with exterior, and the primary colours on the housing had their counterpoint in the secondary colours of the agricultural school.

While working on these colour-schemes he also became increasingly involved in Dada activities, including the publication of four issues of Mécano (1922–3), attending a Constructivist/Dadaist Congress in Weimar in September 1922 (with Tristan Tzara, Hans Arp, Kurt Schwitters, Hans Richter, Hannah Höch and others), and participating in performances in Hannover and Weimar and a Dada tour of the Netherlands to commemorate his final departure from his native land.

Through these activities and through his editorship of De stijl, van Doesburg gradually developed international contacts. At the end of 1920 he visited the Bauhaus; there has been some speculation that he was to have been appointed to the staff. On a second extended visit in May 1922, he gave his controversial De Stijl course to Bauhaus students at his studio in Weimar. There he met the young Dutch architect Cornelis van Eesteren, whose interest in De Stijl ideas resulted in collaborative projects that formed the centrepiece for the great exhibition Les Architectures du Stijl at Léonce Rosenberg’s Galerie de l’Effort Moderne in Paris in 1923. Rosenberg had commissioned van Doesburg and other members of De Stijl to design an ‘ideal house’ for him as early as December 1920. In response to this earlier request van Eesteren designed a house for Rosenberg in late 1922. The designs were sent in early 1923 to Gerrit Rietveld who built the model. A second model for a ‘maison particulière’ was designed by van Eesteren with a colour-scheme by van Doesburg, and a third model for a ‘maison d’artiste’ was designed principally by van Doesburg. This third model and Rietveld’s Schröder House (1924) are two of the prime examples of Elementarist architecture (see Elementarism). There has long been a dispute over the precise contributions of van Doesburg and van Eesteren to the second and third models, and the dispute over attribution caused the split in their partnership at the end of 1924.

Despite van Doesburg’s efforts, De Stijl was not given its own pavilion at the Exposition des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (1925) in Paris. Although disappointed, he made a considerable breakthrough in his painting and architecture c. the end of 1924. Having previously concentrated on a format that included only horizontal and vertical elements he reintroduced the diagonal into his paintings, subsequently giving them the titles ‘counter-compositions’; these form an interesting comparison with Mondrian’s lozenge paintings of the following year, although it was the emphasis that van Doesburg gave to the diagonal that caused a split between the two. In producing a ‘Flower Room’ for Charles, Vicomte de Noailles, van Doesburg used the ‘counter-compositional’ technique to create a dynamic tension between the upright architectural structure and the diagonal emphasis of the colour-scheme. This theme was continued in works of the next few years, most notably between 1926 and 1928 when he collaborated with Hans Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp on the renovation of the Café de l’Aubette, an entertainment complex in Strasbourg. Van Doesburg himself designed the major rooms, including the Café-Brasserie, the Petite Salle-Dancing and the Ciné-Dancing. These last two rooms were designed in contrast to one another: the former with horizontal–vertical compositions in primary colours; the latter with diagonal compositions closely resembling his painting Counter-composition XVI (1925; The Hague, Gemeentemus.; see fig.). In his article ‘Schilderkunst: Van compositie tot contra-compositie’ he explained the theory behind these works.

From 1925 van Doesburg intended to build a studio-house for himself and his third wife, Nelly van Moorsel. It was to have been a double house to accommodate themselves and the Arps, but after a number of designs were explored, the Arps withdrew, and van Doesburg produced his first architectural work free from collaboration with other architects. It marked his transition from painter to architect. Unfortunately, before the house was finished, he died of a heart attack following a bout of asthma. Shortly before his death he published his first and only issue of Art concret (see Concrete art) and was involved in planning a new group of artists, the emergent Abstraction–Création, which was to have been based at van Doesburg’s Studio-House in Meudon.

Bibliography
Drachten, Streekmus. Smallingerland Bleekerhûs [drgs for Drachten proj.]
The Hague, Rijksdienst Beeld. Kst [sketches and architectural drgs]
Paris, Pompidou [drgs for Café de l’Aubette]

Game Art vs. Manga Art

What’s your favourite, Manga Art or Game Art, below are some examples, post here and tell me you thoughts. If you do any of the below send some samples, be looking forward to your thoughts.

Game Art

Manga Art

Toshie Kihara

A maid follows the demon hunters of the village to the border of the Great River Mountain, where she meets the prince of the demons… They were teenage sweethearts, parted by fate. He branded a plum flower figure on his wrist to show that he’d always belong to her. But, the demons came and took him away from her. The demons raided their village and set it on fire. The fire burnt her face. Ten years later, she does not expect him to recognize or remember her… She only wishes to see him again.

Toshie Kihara

Tomomi Kobayashi

LYONEL FEININGER

Lyonel Feininger’s I can only describe as outstandingly beautiful. I found this passionate essay about the artist by Kathy Zimmerer. Hope you enjoy it.

by Kathy Zimmerer

“Possendorf,” o/c, 19 4/5 x 23 3/5″, 1942.

“Hugellandschaft,” watercolor/pen/ink,
14 x 62 cm, 1939. Preparatory study
for World Fair murals.

Feininger was born in New York City, son of concert violinist Carl Feininger. Feininger fils remembered growing up in an atmosphere of music that continued to influence his art throughout his life. He also absorbed the cacophony of images that made up the urban world of New York. He was mesmerized by the beauty and power of the trains, and on trips to the Hudson River he was fascinated by paddle steamboats, schooners and yachts. In this rich environment Feininger absorbed what became constant leitmotifs in the art of his maturity.In 1887, he left for Germany to study music, but within a year decided to study art in Berlin. By 1919, he was invited by Walter Gropius to join the staff of the Bauhaus, which, of course, was to become one of the most influential design schools in the world. Feininger left only when Hitler closed it in 1933. Like the art of Bauhaus colleagues Paul Klee and Wasily Kandinsky, Feininger’s work was always unique in its refinement and use of fantasy. During the 1920’s he exhibited in America under the umbrella of Galka Scheyer’s Blue Four.His unique watercolors of clipper ships–American Clipper [1942] and Abraham Rydberg [1934]–are a pleasure to behold. In the former, Feininger shapes the image of the ship through glowing planes of color. Luminous yellow sails contrast with brilliant streaks of royal blue in the sky. Delicate linear rhythms define the lyrical ship as it floats through the ocean. In Abraham Rydberg the linear element is condensed into a myriad of dynamic diagonal lines that fill up every surface. The muted golden sails contrast with a delicate blue sky and sea, but the whole is a wonderful study of densely woven lines that articulate the ship and the elements.Capable of simultaneous refine-ment and simplicity, North West [1944] illustrates how the artist could recreate the beauty of a brilliant evening with a few strokes of his pen and several washes. Angular planes become rugged mountains, a spider web of lines becomes the mast and rigging of a clipper ship, and strokes of luminous gold become stars sparkling brightly in the sky. Throughout Feininger’s work, angular lines zigzag across the surface of the paper, creating a dynamic world of rhythm and movement.
A far different work, but beautiful in the subtlety of its design and richness of its color, is Old Stone Bridge [1945]. Angular trees and the triangular shape of the bridge create a contrapuntal rhythm to the curved arches of the bridge. The entire composition is bathed in a deep, luminous bluegreen light. Even the linear outlines of the architecture in Hauser [1943] take on a playful, whimsical quality as lines multiply, divide and stretch. Covered by a wash of glowing blue and umber, the buildings move in and out through space.Feininger painted a monumental set of three murals for the Palace of Fine Arts, New York World’s Fair in 1939. Among the watercolors on display are two studies for these murals, which were destroyed along with most of the Fair’s stuctures. The murals captured the faceted tenor of modern life, and were instrumental in establishing the artist’s presence in New York after he left Germany. The lyrical studies on view show linear arcs transposing into angular planes, the whole composition gliding across the paper in an intricate cubist dance. Delicate rose, blue and gold washes highlight and accentuate the beauty of the city.During a long career that encompassed political cartoons, comics, fantasy illustrations, murals and his long tenure teaching at the Bauhaus, Feininger remained an ardent individualist, setting down the beauty of modern life in poetic masterpieces.

“Old Stone Bridge,” o/c,
21 x 28″, 1945.

 

“American Clipper,” watercolor/pen/
ink on paper, 8.7 x 13″, 1942.


Fernand Léger

Amazing that this cubist did so many things, I really enjoy his work, beautiful color usage.  Check out the video at the bottom

Fernand Léger was born in Argentan, France in 1881. He is associated with the Cubist movement and was an innovator in abstract art. Léger studied architecture and worked as an apprentice draughtsman in an architect’s office. He later served in the Engineering Corps and became involved with stage and film design in Paris. By 1911 he had become friendly with Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso and had exhibited at the Salon des Independants.

The Discs in the City 

Léger was prolific in many media and gained recognition as one of the most prominent artists in Paris in the first half of the 20th century. Besides being a painter, filmmaker and designer, Léger also became successful printmaker, experimenting with lithography. Léger’s steady intention was to provide art for the people. His ideas and philosophy attracted many students in both Europe and the Americas. He always had a great interest in industrial evolution and its relationship to man. This became one of the central themes of his oeuvre. Léger continually experimented with color, shape, movement, and space. Geometric forms and elements of a machine culture (cranks, pistons, robots, etc.) were important motifs in his many creations.

Les Trapézistes [Trapeze artists]

In 1940, to escape German forces in Paris, Léger fled to the United States. The industrialism found in America heavily inspired his work of this period. While in the U.S., Léger taught at Yale University and at Mills College, California. Léger returned to France in 1945 and later in his life, he was awarded with many awards and exhibitions. Today his paintings and prints can be seen in prominent museums throughout the world.

Albert Gleizes

I do not know how I managed to grow up without knowing some of these artists.  The inspiration that touches me when I look at their paintings is overwhelming.  After what I have been through in these last few months, cast away like unwanted garbage, loved one minuted hated the next, it is art like this that keep my paintbrush moving. JAP

Albert Gleizes
Nature morte, 1921

The painter and art author Albert Gleizes, who became known as the main representative of Cubism, was born in Paris in 1881. He trained as a tracer in his father’s firm. In 1901 Gleizes showed early landscape paintings in an Impressionist style at the Société Nationale’s exhibitions. As a co-founder of the ‘Salon d’Automne’ and member of the ‘Salon des Indépendants’ Gleizes had close contact to the artistic avant-garde. Influenced by Henri Le Fauconnier and Jean Metzinger he turned towards a geometrically simplified style in 1908/09 and produced the so-called ‘Paysages classiques’. He joined the Cubist circle around Robert Delaunay in 1910. Soon he discovered his own pictorial language, however, which dismantles the objects and re-organises them rhythmically – like in Futurism. He wrote the book ‘Du Cubisme’ together with Metzinger in 1912. Gleizes’ art theoretical discussions were continued in the group ‘La Section d’Or’, which was founded by Jacques Villon the very same year. His ideas of creating a dynamics in Cubism inspired other painters such as Le Fauconnier, Roger de Fresnaye and Fernand Léger. In 1914 Albert Gleizes was drafted to military service and travelled until 1919 to the USA, Canada, Cuba, the Bermudas and to Spain. After the war a religious change appeared in Gleizes’ works and he tried to transfer Christian topics into the Cubist image language. Gleizes’ interest in the religious art of the medieval times led to the foundation of the commune of Moly-Sabata in Sablons in 1927, in which he hoped to revive the importance of manual skills. In 1939 Gleizes moved to Saint-Remy-de Provence and attended to sacral murals. Etchings to Pascal’s ‘Pênsées’, several art theoretical essays and in 1952 the fresco for the chapel ‘Les Fontaines’ in Chantilly came into existence. In 1947 a large retrospective of Albert Gleizes’ artistic work was shown in Lyon before one of the important precursors of abstraction died in the Provence in 1953.

Le médicin militaire, 1914

Jacques Lipchitz

I am so glad that I started this blog as I am discovering artists I never knew anything about. I have never really been into Sculptures, but the work of Jakob Liphcitz is just beautiful. He is really the first cubist sculpturer, and deserves a spot on my blog. I hope you enjoy the biography taken from http://www.jacques-lipchitz.com/



Sailor with Guitar

Unfortunately I am not informed enough to know everything about every artist so I have to get some back up from others, but I do know that a lot of people enjoy this hub.

Chaim Jakob Lipchitz was born in Druskieniki, Lithuania, on 22 August 1891. Although his father, a Jewish building contractor, did not want him to study art, Lipchitz went to Paris in 1909, began to call himself Jacques and enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian. Lipchitz’s contacts with Archipenko, Picasso and Cubist circles exerted a paramount influence on his work: in 1913 he produced his first Cubist sculpture. Lipchitz had his first one-man show in 1920 at the Léonce Rosenberg Gallery in Paris. Two years later Jacques Lipchitz joined the ‘Esprit Nouveau’ group. Between 1915 and 1925 Lipchitz worked in stone, hewing Cubist sculptures with figures and heads reduced to simple, block-like forms and partly polychrome. In 1925 Lipchitz embarked on a series of ‘transparent’ sculptures permeated by space and cast in the cire perdu process. With them Lipchitz detached hmself from the Cubist formal language. Angular structures yielded to an unconstrained sculptural style expressed in the free use of natural forms that became increasingly organic. In 1930 Lipchitz had his first retrospective, at the Galerie de la Renaissance in Paris, and in 1935 a large exhibition at the Brummer Gallery in New York, his first in the US. Lipchitz completed his ‘Prometheus’ for the 1937 Paris Exhibition and was awarded a gold medal for it. When German troops occupied Paris in 1940, Lipchitz fled to Toulouse but soon left France for the US, where he settled in New York. There his work was shown regularly at the Buchholz Gallery, which later became the Curt Valentin Gallery. In 1947 Lipchitz moved to Hastings-on-Hudson in New York state. From the 1950s Lipchitz’s was honoured by numerous exhibitions and prizes. There were Lichitz retrospectives in New York and Minneapolis in 1954; Lipchitz showed work at documenta in Kassel (1959 and 1964) and his work toured Europe in a large exhibition in 1958. From 1962 Lipchitz executed numerous public commissions on a grand scale in both the US and Israel, including ‘Peace on Earth’, a bronze sculpture nearly 15 m high that was unveiled in Los Angeles in 1969. Jacques Lipchitz died on Capri on 16 May 1973 and was buried in Jerusalem. In 1978 his second wife, the Berlin sculptor Y. Halberstadt, completed the colossal sculpture ‘Our Tree of Life’, which had been commissioned for Mount Scopus, Israel, and was set up on Jerusalem’s highest hill.

“la joie de vivre”