I found these amazing posters from the Soviet era on the BBC. Click on the link at the bottom to read more.
Inspired by the 1917 Revolution, Russians decided that art had an important role to play in the future of the Soviet Union. The visual arts in particular entered an experimental, avant-garde era, where even the design of film posters reached new heights.
Art as collective
After the 1917 Revolution, art had a new official status in the Soviet Union as a positive force for shaping the future of the young State. The new structures and attitudes brought about by the Bolshevik Revolution encouraged artists to experiment in multiple fields.
And, as a socially important force and a propaganda tool, cinema’s growth was encouraged throughout the Soviet Union after it had been nationalised by Lenin in 1919.
Constructivism was a new direction in art that was heavily influenced by technology, and featured experimentation with geometry and photomontage. Well-known as the go-to look for propaganda posters, but also used in advertising for beer and food, it would become a big part of Soviet life.
Cinema became huge in Russia in the 1920s. Foreign movies starring the likes of Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton, Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks were especially popular.
The State Cinema Enterprise, Goskino, was set up in 1922 and renamed Sovkino in 1926. Sovkino operated four movie studios and twenty-two different production units, and also distributed all foreign films, the profits from which subsidised home-grown movies.
Sovkino’s advertising department, Reklam Film, was responsible for designing, approving and distributing film posters throughout the Soviet Union.
Sculptors, photographers, architects and graphic designers all came together to work on the exciting new art form of film posters…….